Friday, May 29, 2020

Depression Among African American Youth A Phenomenological Study - Free Essay Example

Results The investigation examination brought about the development of five superordinate subjects that identifies with the encounters of African American adolescents. Every youth involvement of living with sorrow was extraordinary yet related to the other youths’ encounters of living with depression. Then five subjects that framed the substance of the youths’ experience of living with discouragement are, (a) the profundity of sadness, (b) life occasions and encounters as root base, (c) the passionate feeling of self, (d) the survival self, and â‚ ¬ the mending of self. It is vital to take note of that in phenomenological mental examination, the objective is to create subject explanations that mearly catch the mental structures of the experience being researched (Giori 2009, p. 145). Consequently, all the invariant mental structures are considered of equivalent significance what’s more, none is held as increasingly critical. Different subjective investigation, for example, topical examination (Braun and Clark 2006), do appraise the relative importance by count of frequency and predominance, for instance – of person subjects, yet phenomenological examination does not goes for the center structures of the survived subjective/full of felling encounter, no topic or structure is viewed as essential to others. Along these lines, the lead analyst built up the mental portrayals of the center structures and the second analyst audited the information to validate or investigate them. In that way, the last arrangement of super-ordinate subjects (c enter structures) was created. Theme 1: The Dept of depression: In their endeavor to unmistakably portray the profundity of their encounters with living with gloom, the young people utilized analogies and other enlightening dialect. For instance, being discouraged is â€Å"by and large dead while still alive. â€Å"It is described by both passionate and substantial torments. Living with discouragement resembles a â€Å" storm,.† Like â€Å"lightning,† like a â€Å"streak† (how quick mind-set changes), like â€Å"thunder† (cerebral pains). Being discouraged resembles being n the â€Å"dull.† It resembles a â€Å"sexual transmitted illness (STD) inked to the heart.† The emotions resemble a â€Å"clicking bomb† (outrage), a â€Å"rollercoaster,† and a â€Å"gorilla,† â€Å"(seethe), a heart tearing separated,† a â€Å"heart not thumping† (dead), a â€Å"heart broken,† â€Å" the breeze smacking you,† and â€Å"rain† (cring), It is falling into a â€Å"down stage† (misery), like a â€Å"shoot feeling,† what’s more, being â€Å"driven with a engine† (eager). It is â€Å"losing self,† and â€Å"vitality engrossing† (exhaustion). Being discouraged is being â€Å"imperceptible,† â€Å"eradicated,† and â€Å"assumed control† (crushed). It is being â€Å"caught† (no departure). It resembles a â€Å"hover† (back what’s more, forward), like being â€Å"mixed up in an air pocket† (extraordinary torment). Having an inclination that having drops of torments in one’s body, feelings, and considerations. The young mentioned that there are times of â€Å"cheerful† sentiments when despondency is under control. Be that as it may, there is hesitance to encounter â€Å"cheerful† affections inspired by a paranoid fear of the â€Å" torment† returning. For the discouraged, to have â€Å"upbeat† sentiments powers the acknowledgment of the negative impacts that sadness has or has no one’s life. The acknowledgment drives a look for the importance of one’s misery and for approaches to endure and men. Theme 2: Life Events and Experiences as Root Base: This topic set up the root base for the rise of the members enthusiastic stagnation and critical occasions that they saw reasons for their sorrow beginning and degree of their enthusiastic battles. The young people revealed that negative life occasions and encounters regularly prompted the kick off of their miseries. Depression is inescapable following life occasions and encounters that appear to be especially troublesome, undermining, upsetting, and unmanageable. Depression is frequently situated in the spots of individuals lives. Remarks made by the youths mirrored that they experienced negative life occasions with regards to the home, school, and network condition that brought about them feeling discouraged. The view of the dimension of worry in the conditions can influence the level of depression. Upsetting home life and encounters elevate the young peoples enthusiastic troubles, causing their wretchedness. Their trouble with des pondency winds up further when other individuals from the family are experiencing despondency. A individual battle to grapple with losing critical connections through passings, division, and successive moves additionally develops ones melancholy. Expanded family clashes and analysis, paying little heed to hearing position remarks from others, cause ones sentiments of uselessness, insufficiency, and, eventually, enthusiastic stagnations. Relational connections wind up compromising and requesting and family bolster is dubious. There is a misfortune of trust and a feeling of being detached to others at home. here is additionally an expanded need to offer help to other people to the detriment of oneself, which prompts passionate parentification.

Saturday, May 16, 2020

The Obstacles in Essay Topics That You Must Be Aware Of

<h1>The Obstacles in Essay Topics That You Must Be Aware Of</h1><p>An hindrance in paper points can truly ruin the exhibition of your article. The more that you think about your theme and the more subjects that you have learned about, the better that you can perceive what is an issue and what isn't. There are sure snags in paper subjects that you should know about. By knowing these obstacles, you will have the option to think of certain options that can assist you with overcoming the obstacles.</p><p></p><p>The first snag in exposition themes is the absence of information about it. This implies you have not found out about your subject every day. Perusing for quite a long time about what you are concentrating about might be sufficient to give you a harsh thought of what you will expound on. In any case, in the event that you don't peruse for a few days or weeks, you won't have the option to get to the data. Likewise, you won't have the certai nty to cause notes on what you to have perused, on the off chance that you don't have the fitting perusing skills.</p><p></p><p>Another obstruction in exposition points is that you have not dealt with any proper principles that are as of now settled for it. You can't begin composing the article without having an arrangement that can fill in as the preparation for the whole undertaking. A conventional framework, which you should follow, will give all of you the data that you need so as to draft a paper that has numerous helpful parts. Truth be told, you can likewise request help from others, so as to get a more clear image of what is written in the exposition topic.</p><p></p><p>A third obstruction in paper points is that you are not in a situation to arrive at a comprehension of the subject. For example, the first occasion when that you set up an exposition subject, you will think of a point that doesn't generally accommodate your terr itory of intrigue. That is the reason it is significant that you realize what your zone of intrigue is before you endeavor to make a point. An inquiry that you will pose to yourself is, 'What is the subject that I might want to consider?' Once you think of a response to this inquiry, you will be in a situation to survey whether you can compose an exposition that is pertinent to your topic.</p><p></p><p>A fourth impediment in paper themes is that it is extremely hard to concoct the thoughts that you need to use for your article point. In the event that you can't concoct a thought for your theme, you won't have the option to fuse these thoughts into your exposition. At the end of the day, you won't have the option to make the general structure of your article. Truth be told, you may wind up having a paper that is only a framework of what you previously composed before.</p><p></p><p>The fifth deterrent in article subjects is that you can' t concoct a configuration that is clear and simple to peruse. Actually, you may wind up thinking of a long article and this can demolish the exhibition of your exposition. Along these lines, it is basic that you set aside the effort to compose the paper as though you were writing as an outsider looking in. That is, you will expound on your own encounters and thoughts.</p><p></p><p>These are a portion of the obstructions in article points that you should know about. Truth be told, you will be happy that you had the option to get some answers concerning them before you feel free to endeavor to finish the assignment. It will assist you with detailing an elective arrangement for your paper and it will assist you with concocting a compelling article topic.</p>

Saturday, May 9, 2020

The Importance of Freshman Essay Topics

<h1> The Importance of Freshman Essay Topics </h1> <p>Your theory should be pertinent so the report can utilize a structure that is adaptable so as to fit in the shoes of the perusers. You should reply as well as be sure you present models. Our model exposition may likewise assist you with understanding how to utilize different style of composing. The paper segment of the application is basic since it gives us more knowledge into what your identity is and what your identity is keen on being. </p> <p>It is conceivable to likewise rehash the thoughts which you've examined in the body sections so as to come to your meaningful conclusion legitimate. Be clear in your musings about the point you might want to make. Decide on an unmistakable point that others may not consider, and whatever you select, ensure that you know a ton about it! Powerful paper points don't generally should be of a basic sort, you can expound on things that are associated in your life. </p> <p>Students who have citizenship away from the usa. Gaining admittance to our model expositions is incredibly straightforward and entirely reasonable. Understudies just need to find their specialty from the large number of themes they can investigate. </p> <p>Deciding on a subject is a basic issue that somewhat appraises last accomplishment of the activity. The first year recruit agenda gives a month-by-month manual for the application system. Technique about what to see while choosing a school. </p> <p>Argumentative paper points spread a wide number of subjects, and can be very convincing if an unrivaled exposition speaks to them. In spite of the fact that a paper brief isn't easy, you despite everything should do your absolute best to answer it. Contentious article is tied in with belligerence and bantering regarding a matter, which is disputable. </p> <p>Analyzing a current occasion has all the earmarks of being a most loved theme picked for factious expositions. You might be having exposition subjects that are hard to inquire about or that require look into materials which aren't promptly advertised. </p> <p>It is imperative to realize that articles aren't constantly required or offered as another option. Universities can tell at whatever point your paper is just a structure article. Absolute best article papers should be unique and counterfeiting free. </p> <p>When you allowed the chance to have your own one of a kind brief, be sure you settle on the brief you realize the appropriate response so as to never have an intense second. Furthermore, it would moreover be smarter to pick one where you have some involvement with. In many occasions, you should build up a point that will make it feasible for others to understand your viewpoint, and mentioning to them to feel that what you compose is valid. The engaging quality of Shakespearean works is that every single one of them passes on an uncommon social message that is genuine even today. </p> <h2> Freshman Essay Topics: No Longer a Mystery </h2> <p>The affirmations survey process endeavors to ad just the emotional and target components of the application. Portray a few undertakings which you have achieved in the course of the most recent two years which don't have any association with scholastic investigations. The application strategy, necessities, and how we assess your application are correctly the equivalent, regardless of which alternative you select. Understudies must meet set up benchmarks to have the option to fit the bill for transfer.</p> <h2>Choosing Good Freshman Essay Topics </h2> <p>From the model, egg in the medicinal services language is connected to the development of the human infant. All the time it turns out to be difficult to pick one specific theme either by virtue of the numerous thoughts in the understudy's head, or because of their total nonappearance. Expound on why it will be essential to you and why you ought to get an advanced degree. Another explanation is to see how well understudies contend on particular perspectives a nd exhibit comprehension of the considered subject.</p> <p>The job of allocating an exposition to center school understudies is to make mindfulness and grant them to create composing abilities. Discovering how to form an exposition is something which will help understudies in their school and school profession, yet for an incredible duration as well. The school exposition is among the most significant components of your school application. Today best school confirmation papers give a serious edge for secondary school graduates trying to become rookies in most of lofty and solid colleges in the US and UK. </p>

Friday, May 8, 2020

What Everyone Else Does When It Comes to Catcher in the Rye Essay Topics and What You Should Be Doing Different

What Everyone Else Does When It Comes to Catcher in the Rye Essay Topics and What You Should Be Doing Different Finding the Best Catcher in the Rye Essay Topics The majority of your essay ought to be your thoughts, non drumhead. Writing an essay on a specific novel can be challenging, especially if you don't understand how to choose a creative topic. Consequently, it's used often utilized in education for a material for essays. Bear in mind the plagiarism policy. There are several different critics that view Holden in many various ways. It's then he wanders through nyc during wintertime. Holden's capacity to lie is among the very first traits which he reveals about himself (G. S). At the conclusion of the novel Holden seems to have more acceptance of the concept of growing up. Folks always clap for the incorrect things. He notes people are concerned about whether he will apply himself next calendar year. These people seem to be socially intelligent and are usually accepted into society, unlike Holden. Imagine that you're studying in Holden's school and you would like to persuade him that people around aren't phony. Learning Outcomes By the close of the lesson, you should get a larger comprehension of Holden Caulfield's character. Not only is it a good way to teach the sections of the plot, but it reinforces major events and help students develop increased comprehension of literary structures. Reading is what will be able to help you develop your abilities. You have to practice, improve your skills, and adhere to some basic things to do to compose a great text. The Characteristics of Catcher in the Rye Essay Topics This statement is crucial since you may want to refer to it repeatedly inside your essay and restate it within the conclusion. You ou ght to be proficient in the topic, have an overall idea about the chosen issue and figure out how to get the best arguments to show your thesis. Possessing some amazing topic thoughts and positive attitude is cool, but this is not sufficient to compose a great paper. According to Stradlater, excellent writing is only a question of getting the commas in the proper places. Remember you need to stick with the topic question to prevent diverting from the appropriate subject. It would be wrong to choose a complicated subject that will make it challenging to dwell upon however interesting it might sound. This isn't a baseball cap. At exactly the same time, the ducks are likewise an indication of hope for Holden. After leaving the zoo, they visit a park on the other side of the street which has a carousel. He's realized that each and every kid has to grow and that he can't prevent everyone to develop into an adult. Catcher in the Rye Essay Topics and Catcher in the Rye Essay Topics - The Perfect Combination Don't forget there are textbooks and internet tools you are able to utilize to check whether you've put a comma in th e appropriate place or used the acceptable article. Please note that in the event the shipping address is incorrect and the order was shipped, based on the shipping option selected we might not be in a position to modify the shipping address until the order was returned. Typically, it takes as much as two hours of time to comb through dozens of sites until you discover something exciting to write about. Notice that there aren't any extra infinites. The date doesn't go well. You will find that each item page on the Web site involves an estimated delivery date range for Saver Delivery, together with for Express Delivery if it's readily available for that item. Think of the events that occurred in the novel. Breaking of phonograph record for a sign of the conclusion of childhood 6. You will never know where the hell you're. Holden calls Jane again, but there's no answer. The Importance of Catcher in the Rye Essay Topics This isn't something he'd advise, though, as the clo seness and trust involved within this genuine act not just will one day be lost, but in addition will demonstrate that one doesn't have this closeness or trust with other folks. Be certain to handle notions like how the human body and the mind mimic machinery, the ways that human relationships are often as cold and impersonal as machines, and such. The 5 chief parts of symbolism indicate the struggles he faces and his emotional instability. Examine the various sorts of relationships Holden attempts and the various kinds of intimacy in the book.

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

The Importance of an Immigration Reform - 949 Words

There is eleven million undocumented people living in the dark shadows of the United States. People who come to the land of the free seeking a safe haven from political and religious oppression, a better economic income, and a brighter future for their loved ones. However, when they arrive they quickly notice that the â€Å"american dream† is not easy to obtain. Currently, many believe now is the time for an immigration reform. A reform to stop the separation of millions of families and help heal our economy. From its origin the United States has been called a nation of immigrants. It is a melting pot for countless cultures, religions, and races. Our immigrant past has helped create a national character. Our country attracts the most brilliant people from all around the world from the highly educated to the hardworking immigrants. Unfortunately, due to the broken immigration system it is extremely difficult for anyone to obtain a visa or green card to enter the United States legally. The Immigration Policy Center says that most undocumented immigrants do not posses the required family relationship to apply for legal entry. However, those who do have a family relationship face years or even decades waiting for a visa. Unfortunately, only about three percent of Americans believe immigration is a top priority to be dealt with this year. Everyone must be educated about how immigration impacts our nations deficit, the jobs created, and the future of the generations toShow MoreRelatedThe Importance of Immigration Reform747 Words   |  3 PagesImmigration Reform Due to the 11.7 million undocumented immigrants living in the United States of America, we have come to the realization that our immigration process is flawed and needs to be rejuvenated for the modern times. Many of the problems that come with issuing a new immigration plan, begin with the house coming to an agreement on how to improve immigrant processing, as well as comparing the pros and cons. Undocumented immigration is a problem we cannot ignore, because it is changing manyRead MoreImmigration And The United States1464 Words   |  6 Pages Immigration has always been a complex issue in the United States. Previous and current administrations have had great difficulties in setting policies and programs in place to address this problem. During the course of American history, laws were enacted to address such issues. There were numerous legislative milestones in regards to immigration in the United States. In order to understand the current issues regarding immigration, we have to look back at the policies that were in placeRead MorePublic Policy Issues in Texas831 Words   |  3 Pages One public policy issue that is attracting a great deal of attention is the matter of prison reform. While a great many members of the public support improvements in the safety, security and quality of life in prisons, few will endorse this at the expense of the same for law-abiding citizens. However, according to Koh (2013), Texas is currently facing one such dilemma. According to Koh, prison reforms may result in better conditions fo r inmates, but those improvements come at the expense of welfareRead MoreEssay on The City of Los Angeles1470 Words   |  6 Pagescities in this country. Many citizens of Los Angeles have strong arguments on whether or not an immigration reform is beneficial or if it is going to harm the city and its residents. The topic of immigration is of great importance because it is an issue that Los Angeles has experience for several of years and will continue in many more to come if action is not taken. Any changes made in regards to immigration are going to affect people in Los Angeles one way or another regardless of the perspective theyRead MoreImmigration Policy Of The United States And Its Effects On Hispanic Immigrants1541 Words   |  7 PagesMHS_ForeignLanguageWritingAssignment Tanya Meinecke-Smith SPAN_2311_MHS 06 December 2014 Immigration Policy in the United States and its Effects on Hispanic Immigrants Whether with a cold shoulder welcome or a open arm embrace, the United States has constantly received a range of global immigrants, over half whom originate from Latin America (migrationpolicy.org). Largely driven by the prospect of the â€Å"American Dream,† the Latino immigration movement began in the 1840s and has fluctuated with new policies, includingRead MorePresident Trump s Presidency From The United States Essay1180 Words   |  5 Pagessooner to the American people. Trumps years in the Oval Office would have been great if not for his sudden decision to initiate the removal of immigrants during his last months as President. Every major city in the United States is swarming with Immigration and Custom Enforcement agents. Immigrants are being taken right out of the workplace, rounded up, handcuffed and sent back to their home country. As the immigrant population disseminates, hundreds of local businesses across the nation go bankruptRead MoreThe Benefits of Immigrants in the United States Essay1027 Words   |  5 Pagesthe economy, but to the country as a whole. A Bipartisan Policy Center study showed how a major overhaul of immigrants could boost the economic recovery of the U.S. The study showed within the next 20 years, immigration would increase the economic growth by 4.8%. Also the immigration reform would reduce the country’s deficit by $1.2 trillion, because immigrants would take jobs and pay taxes. Immigrants also create jobs for Americans, about 28% of the new businesses were started by immigrants. ImmigrantsRead MoreThe State Of Arizona Is A Gripping Documentary1635 Words   |  7 PagesThe State of Arizona is a gripping documentary that outlines the struggles that Arizona went through in dealing with illegal immigration. This saga follows the controversial SB1070 immigration law through the voices and lives of individuals who were on both sides of the coin. The flawed immigration system in the United States caused a ripple eff ect that hit Arizona hard and led to the tripling of the undocumented population in Arizona. This caused hatred towards the undocumented population due toRead MoreSocial Determinants Of Health And Health873 Words   |  4 Pagesthese issues though those might be temporary. A final solution will have to be a national policy change in immigration, however, until then we could pursue some international options to aid undocumented immigrants in the United States. Better research on immigrant health and health outcomes would go a long way to shining a light on how to tackle these problems. The current debate in the research concentrates on social determinants of health such as acculturation, which of course influences aRead MoreAmerican Immigration Policy, Citizenship, And The Relationship Between Foreign Policy And Constitutional Law1477 Words   |  6 PagesAbstract This research describes the legal ins and outs of American immigration policy, citizenship, ‘border control’, and the relationship between foreign policy and constitutional law, regarding refugees. Since the birth of the United States in 1776, citizens, from countries all around the world have considered making the trek to America, in hopes of pursuing a different, more prosperous life. Yet, many of history’s hopeful travellers have learned- legally entering America is potentially the

Tuesday, May 5, 2020

Safety and Environmental Management Recognizing

Question: Discuss about the Safety and Environmental Management for Recognizing. Answer: Introduction: An individual can assess the risk by recognizing the hazards of the system, evaluate or analyze the risk that is connected with the hazard and determining the ways to remove or manage the hazard. Practically the term risk assessment is related to the supervision of the workplace to find the flaws in the system or process that can be harmful to the surroundings and the environment. After the identification of the risk evaluation of the risk can be made by judging its severity and decision can be taken to prevent the risk and control it from happening (New England Chapter of the System Safety Society, 2002). The evaluation of the risk should be done by a group of persons who have a sound knowledge in risk assessment, and the staffs of the working place should guide the team as they are more familiar with the surroundings (Clements Pfitzer, 2006). The risk assessment should follow some rules and guidelines to identify the hazards of the system like. 1. Hazard identification 2. Evaluating the possibility of damage or sickness, and its importance 3. Ordinary operational conditions and additionally unusual occasions, e.g., power blackouts, shutdowns, crisis and so on. 4. Survey every accessible health and security data regarding the risk, for example, MSDSs, makers writing, data from respectable associations, aftereffects of the test, etc. 5. Reorganization of important activities to remove and manage the risk 6. Control the risk by monitoring and estimating the risk. 7. Keeping of relevant documentation and records, this includes the procedure of the survey of risk, layout of the assessment, enumeration of the conclusion. Module 10 Provide a supported (literature and experience) critique of OSHA's recordkeeping standard and its associated forms.Numerous businesses with more than ten representatives or employees are required to keep a record of official business related wounds and sicknesses. According to these registers, the OSHA assesses the safety of the workplace environment; this also helps in finding the hazards caused by the industry. Thus after the findings, it can implement some protections for the workers to reduce the hazards and to prevent the workers from further injuries and illness at the workplace. According to OSHA, the employers must maintain the records for five years (Wurzelbacher Jin, 2011). The injury and illness report of the previous year must be declared by the individuals. The employees can request for the copy of the records to the OSHA; there are many functions and use of the injuries and illness occurred in the workplace. The employer can get the details of the employees and the ill ness occurring at the working place of the company and act accordingly. The records of injury and illness also help the employers to manage and improve the companys safety and health related activities (Rebbitt, 2014). Moreover, the employers can be tracked whose employees get ill in the business environment. Representatives who have data about the related wounds and diseases happening in their work environment are additionally better educated about the perils they confront. They are in this way more inclined to take after safe work rehearses and to report work environment risks to their bosses (Wurzelbacher Jin, 2011). At the point when representatives know about workplace dangers and take an interest in the different proof and control of those risks, the general level of health and safety in the workplace makes strides. References Clements, P. and Pfitzer, T. (2006). Risk Assessment Control: Is your system safety program wasting resources? Professional Safety, 51(1), pp. 41-44. New England Chapter of the System Safety Society (2002). System Safety: A Science and Technology Primer. Rebbitt, D. (2014). Pyramid Power: A New View of the Great Safety Pyramid.Professional Safety,59(09), 30-34. Wurzelbacher, S., Jin, Y. (2011). A framework for evaluating OSH program effectiveness using leading and trailing metrics.Journal of safety research,42(3), 199-207.

Friday, April 17, 2020

North Korea Essays (7379 words) - Aftermath Of The Korean War

North Korea -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- North Korea: Policy Determinants, Alternative Outcomes, U.S. Policy Approaches (Rep. 93-612 F) Congressional Research Service, Report for Congress June 24, 1993 By Rinn-Sup Shinn, Analyst in Asian Affairs, Foreign Affairs and National Defense Division* SUMMARY North Korea is undergoing a wrenching phase of adjustment to an uncertain post-Soviet world. Its government is reined in by two major constraints: fear that any political or economic reform would have the same fatal consequence for itself as it had for the former Soviet Union and other erstwhile allies; and fear that the United States, South Korea, and other enemies would stop at nothing to overthrow the communist regime of the North. The United States has a major stake in the outcome of North Korea's effort to deal with its daunting task. The challenge in the North has become compelling as Pyongyang has come up far short of its core policy objectives: political self-preservation, undermining South Korea--and by extension, U.S. military presence in the South; and obtaining economic and security support from the outside world. Facing an obvious need to change, Pyongyang is caught in a dilemma about reform. In the wake of the Soviet collapse, a shaken Pyongyang reaffirmed its resolve t o defend a) its centrally planned, autarkic command economy; b) its monolithic, one-party system identified with the persona of Kim Il Sung, the great leader (and now with that of his son and de facto successor Kim Jong Il); and c) its policy of reunifying the two Koreas on Kim Il Sung's terms. The two Kims still talk as though time is on their side, and that they can outwait U.S. withdrawal from the South. Nonetheless, they seem to recognize that they need to end their self-enforced isolation, to say nothing of their unaccommodating foreign policy posture. A sense of urgency and a siege mentality are real and growing in Pyongyang. In particular, the North's economy, which it has long defined as the real underpinning of political stability and military preparedness, is shrinking by all objective criteria. Still worse, there is no immediate relief in sight. At the same time, Pyongyang is slipping further and further behind Seoul--a situation that has potentially unnerving security implications. Seeking economic help and greater international legitimacy, North Korea in recent years has sought to reconcile with South Korea by promising nonaggression, reciprocal cooperation, and denuclearization of the Korean peninsula. But the regime remains doctrinaire, self-centered, and committed to political control, and has repeatedly undercut its soft approaches by reneging on such promises. The United States has also received numerous promises from Pyongyang. A number of policy approaches may be considered by the United States: engagement aimed at inducing Pyongyang into the community of nations; military, economic, and political pressure to underscore U.S. concern for the stability on the Korean peninsula; and outwaiting--letting Pyongyang chart its own transition by refraining from action that can be reasonably perceived in Pyongyang as provocative and threatening, while avoiding any actions that would give legitimacy or assistance to the North Korean regime. INTRODUCTION North Korea (Democratic People's Republic of Korea--DPRK) is a major foreign policy challenge to the United States because of its intractability as well as its threat to 37,000 U.S. troops in South Korea. Isolated and self-absorbed, its behavior is widely thought to be as irrational as it is unpredictable. The communist regime in Pyongyang regards the United States as its sworn enemy and the main obstacle to Korean reunification. It has denounced the United States for its forcible occupation and for allegedly turning South Korea into a forward military base from which to plot the collapse of North Korea or to launch a nuclear attack. Since the division of the Korean peninsula in 1945, North Korea has defined its self-preservation in terms of three policy priorities, or core interests: consolidating Kim Il Sung's power base, undermining South Korea to hasten U.S. withdrawal from the South, and securing maximal support from the former Soviet Union and China. These priorities were designed to assure the security of the Kim regime from domestic critics and against perceived threats from the United States and South Korea (Republic of Korea--ROK). Externally, Pyongyang has pursued anti-U.S. and anti-South Korean policies as interrelated and complementary approaches. Forcing the U.S. out of the